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American Red Hot Chili Pepper (Stemless)

$11.00 $0.00

  • Quality: Carton grade, Pressed bale grade, etc
  • Moisture: Max 17%
  • Hot unit: 12000 – 15000 SHU
  • Size: 10cm up ( 4 inches & up)
  • Packaging: 25lbs/carton, 50kg/bale, 10kg/bag or as per customer’s requirement

Description

American  (Jinta/Yuda) Chili peppers are the fruits of Capsicum pepper plants, noted for their hot flavor.

They are members of the nightshade family, related to bell peppers and tomatoes, and most belong to a species known scientifically as Capsicum annuum.

There are many varieties of chili peppers, such as cayenne and jalapenos.

Chili peppers are primarily used as spices, or minor ingredients in various dishes, spice blends and sauces.

They are usually eaten cooked, or dried and powdered, in which form they are known as paprika.

Capsaicin is the main bioactive plant compound in chili peppers, responsible for their unique pungent (hot) taste and many of their health benefits.

Chili peppers are a rich source of spicy-hot capsaicin.

They are also very high in antioxidant carotenoids, which are linked with numerous health benefits.

Here are the main bioactive plant compounds in chili peppers:

  • Capsanthin: The main carotenoid in red chili peppers, responsible for their red color, and often accounting for up to 50% of the total carotenoid content. Its powerful antioxidant properties may act against cancer (5, 6).
  • Violaxanthin: The major carotenoid antioxidant in yellow chili peppers, accounting for 37-68% of the total carotenoid content (5, 7).
  • Lutein: Most abundant in green (immature) chili peppers, the levels of lutein decrease with maturation. High consumption of lutein has been linked with improved eye health (8, 9).
  • Capsaicin: One of the most studied plant compounds in chili peppers. It is responsible for their pungent (hot) flavor and many of their health effects.
  • Sinapic acid: An antioxidant, also known as sinapinic acid. It has a variety of potential health benefits (10, 11).
  • Ferulic acid: Similarly to sinapic acid, ferulic acid is an antioxidant that may help protect against various chronic diseases (11, 12).

The antioxidant content of mature (red) chili peppers is much higher than of immature (green) peppers (5).

Vitamins and Minerals

Chili peppers are rich in various vitamins and minerals.

However, since they are only eaten in small amounts, their contribution to the daily intake is very small.

  • Vitamin C: Chili peppers are very high in vitamin C. Vitamin C is a powerful antioxidant, important for wound healing and immune function.
  • Vitamin B6: A family of B-vitamins, some of which have important functions in energy metabolism.
  • Vitamin K1: Also known as phylloquinone, vitamin K1 is essential for blood clotting and healthy bones and kidneys.
  • Potassium: An essential dietary mineral that serves a variety of functions in the body. Adequate intake of potassium may reduce the risk of heart disease
  • Copper: Often lacking in the Western diet, copper is an essential antioxidant trace element, important for strong bones and healthy neurons.
  • Vitamin A: Red chili peppers are high in beta-carotene, which is converted into vitamin A in the body.

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